The QoL variable was measured through the European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions questionnaire in three levels (EQ-5D-3L) (EuroQol, 2017), composed of five items that respond to five dimensions (Mobility, Self-care, Daily activities, Pain or Discomfort, Depression or Anxiety), with three levels of response (absence, moderate presence, and severe presence). It also has a visual analog scale (EQ-VAS) that reports current life status on a range from 0 (worst status) to 100 (best status), this last indicator of QoL. We used the cultural adaptation of the EQ-5D-3L translated into Spanish available for Peru, carried out by the EuroQol Group, which was responsible for the original instrument and its theoretical validation (Herdman et al., 2003). The EQ-5D-3L is a widely used instrument worldwide to assess quality of life. Some studies have conducted psychometric validity of this instrument, reporting adequate indicators of discriminant validity (Shannon’s H ?: 0.47 and 0.98) and good reliability (weighted Kappa wK: 0.39–0.93); however, this type of validation was performed on the original version (Buchholz et al., 2018). On the other hand, there are few psychometric validation studies in the Spanish-speaking version using the general and/or clinical population (Garcia-Gordillo et al., 2015). In Peru, this type of validation has not yet been conducted; however, several studies in the country report similar and consistent results within this geographical context (Taype-Rondan et al., 2017; Figueroa-Quinones et al., 2019).
The individual Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) was used for the varying depressive attacks. It’s a good nine-items care about-administered questionnaire that have four reaction profile with respect to the frequency out-of depressive periods over the past 14 days: not really, a few days, more than half of the weeks, and you can just about every time. The total get is within the variety of 0 so you’re able to twenty seven facts. Depressive attacks also are reported centered on severity profile: limited (0–4), lighter (5–9), average (10–14), moderate-big (15–19), and severe (20–27) (Spitzer ainsi que al., 1999; Kroenke ainsi que al., 2001; Cameron ainsi que al., 2008). That it questionnaire could have been validated regarding the Peruvian society, to present evidence out of psychometric properties courtesy confirmatory basis investigation (CFI = 0.936, TLI = 0.914, RMSEA = 0.089 and you can SRMR = 0.039) and you may reliability regarding Cronbach’s Omega and you can Leader evidence (? = 0.87 and ? = 0.87), translated in a way since of a lot indications such as for example CFI and you can TLI try next to 0.90; the new RMSEA from the 0.08 and the SMRM is gloomier than 0.08; when you’re, to possess reliability, the costs of Cronbach’s omega and you will alpha spiders are higher than the perfect point (0.80) (Villarreal-Zegarra et al., 2019).
New covariates you to definitely participated in the analysis was in fact ages (when you look at the tertiles), sex (man or woman), regions of house (Ancash, Ayacucho, Lima, and you may Piura), marital updates (unmarried, broke up, widowed, separated, and you may married otherwise spouse), occupation (studying and dealing otherwise merely functioning), remaining household through the quarantine (zero and you will sure), ily earnings inside quarantine (no and yes), existence alone (zero and you may sure) and household members having persistent state (no and sure).
A descriptive research is actually displayed having fun with procedures away from main tendency and you can dispersion (getting numerical details) and absolute wavelengths (for categorical parameters). We did linear regression with sturdy difference reporting crude, adjusted design that have coefficients (?) in addition to their 95% believe periods (CI95%) to check on this new relationship of the products of the EQ-VAS (quality of life) and you will PHQ-nine (depressive episodes) score. In most times, parameters that received a great p Terminology : well being, depressive periods, college student, college, COVID-19, pandemic, Peru
Citation: Figueroa-Quinones J, C) Quality of life and you may Depressive Attacks Certainly one of Peruvian University students While in the the newest COVID-19 Pandemic. Front side. Psychol. 61. doi: /fpsyg.61